Deck size is directly related to the activities planned. Too large a deck means unwelcome seasonal maintenance for a deck that’s only partially used. Kim Katwijk, a deck builder in Olympia, Wash. advises, “If you are going to do a dining area, you have to have at least 10’x10’. That’s the minimum. If you can make it two feet larger, then people can walk around the outside. Make sure you have enough square footage. Then worry about form.”
Easy access to the deck is paramount for homeowners to get the most out of their outdoor space. If access is difficult, they won’t use it as much. If deck access is difficult, you may want to propose a change to the home. Think about enlarging an existing opening to accommodate a sliding door with screens. If the budget and homeowner tastes support it, consider folding glass walls.
Most homeowners expect and desire outside access to an elevated deck with stairs. But be smart. Talk to your clients about security concerns. Locks and alarm sensors may be necessary expense that can be easily overlooked.
It’s easier—and less expensive—to address privacy by adding a floating wall, arbor, or a pergola to a deck during construction, not afterwards.
Unless a client is dead-set on a particular style, most outdoor spaces look their best when they echo or pay homage to the style and architecture of the existing home.
Be extra careful here: Make sure you have total buy-in on material selection. Wood needs routine staining to protect boards from cracking and warping. Composite and PVC boards may cost more initially, but they require significantly less maintenance. The math of lifetime cost looks amazingly attractive compared to wood products.
Built-in railing is the most visible aspect of a deck. There are many easy to install options available that require no painting or staining. If homeowners love the view from their deck, present less-distracting railing alternatives, like wire cable or glass panel railing.
What’s the lighting strategy? International Residential Code (IRC) 303.7 mandates illumination for outdoor stairs. Task lighting will be necessary for cooking after sundown. When temperatures cool off, heat lamps can warm things up. Rail lights can provide an attractive cool factor guests will admire.
The key to all of this? Talk to your customers. Do your best to understand their point of view. Be a great listener.
Their vision and input, coupled with your building expertise, will ensure that each outdoor space you create is an individual masterpiece for its owners.